10 June 1991
The Rwandan Constitution is amended and multiparty system is launched.
27 January 1991
In response to the RPF offensive in Ruhengeri, a wave of massacres of the Bagogwe takes place.
22-23 January 1991
RPF launches an attack on Ruhengeri and frees prisoners. During Operation Noroit, French military forces intervene directly in combat.
Hutu extremist monthly, Kangura, publishes the “Hutu Ten commandments”, which includes “Hutu must stop taking pity on the Tutsi”.
Night of 4 to 5 October 1990
The Rwandan armed forces (FAR) stage a fake RPF attack on Kigali. On national radio, President Habyarimana decrees a state of siege and calls for vigilance and denunciation of spies. Some 10,000 Tutsi and political opponents are arrested. Tutsi massacre takes place in Kibilira, over 500 killed.
1 October 1990
RPF begins war for liberation.
24-26 December 1987
The Rwandan Patriotic Front is formed in Kampala.
Tutsi hunted down at secondary schools, universities, and workplaces. Military coup d’état by General Juvenal Habyarimana.
Massacre of Tutsi, described as Genocide by international press, foreign witnesses and independent researchers. 200,000 Tutsi flee their country.
1 July 1962
Independence of Rwanda.